CMSIS-RTOS2  
Real-Time Operating System API
 
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Overview

Modern embedded applications often need to concurrently execute multiple activities such as sensor readings, connectivity, machine-learning algorithms, graphics display and others. A real-time operating system (RTOS) equips users with necessary mechanisms that simplify implementation of complex programs and ensure their reliable operation with deterministic timing.

CMSIS-RTOS2 specifies a generic RTOS interface over real-time OS kernels running on Arm® Cortex® processor-based devices. Applications and middleware components can use CMSIS_RTOS2 API for better code reuse and simpler integration in various software ecosystems.

CMSIS-RTOS2 also specifies a standard OS Tick interface for use by RTOS kernels. It provides several OS tick implementations for simple kernel porting to different Cortex-M and Cortex-A processors.

CMSIS-RTOS2 interface

Benefits

CMSIS-RTOS2 provides great benefits to the embedded developers and software vendors:

  • The CMSIS-RTOS2 API covers all common services expected from a modern RTOS kernel for efficient thread management, inter-thread communication, timing control and others. See Functionality overview for details.
  • The unified API increases developers' productivity and reduces learning efforts. It makes the software components reusable across different software stacks.
  • The API enables use of advanced CPU features by RTOS and application, such as secure/non-secure execution with TrustZone, multi-core operation, access protection with MPU, and others.
  • The C interface is binary compliant with the Application Binary Interface (ABI) for Arm architecture and enables inter-operation between various toolchains.
  • RTOS Validation Suite provides a set of tests to verify compatibility to CMSIS-RTOS2 API definitions.
  • CMSIS-RTOS2 is well adopted by the industry, has many years of continuous improvements and commitment for future developments.

Note

  • The CMSIS-RTOS2 defines a minimum feature set. It's architecture allows to use advanced vendor-specific features directly as well.

Supported RTOS kernels

Many popular RTOS kernels include support for CMSIS-RTOS2 API:

CMSIS-RTX (or Keil RTX5): provides most complete support for CMSIS-RTOS2 API and uses it as native interface. For more information see:

FreeRTOS : this popular RTOS kernel is enabled with CMSIS-RTOS2 API in the CMSIS-FreeRTOS variant. To learn more see:

Zephyr RTOS: is developed under governance of Linux Foundation and includes CMSIS-RTOS2 API support. See more at:

embOS: is a preemptive RTOS designed by Segger, and provides support for CMSIS-RTOS2 API.

Azure ThreadX RTOS for STM32: is an integration of Azure RTOS into STM32 middleware provided by STMicroelectronics.

Micrium OS is developed and maintained by Silicon Labs.

Access to CMSIS-RTOS2

CMSIS-RTOS2 and OS Tick intefaces are actively maintained in the CMSIS 6 GitHub repository and provided as part of the CMSIS Software Pack.

The following files and directories relevant to CMSIS-RTOS2 are present in the ARM::CMSIS Pack:

File/Directory Content
📂 CMSIS CMSIS Base software components folder
┣ 📂 Documentation/html/RTOS2 A local copy of this CMSIS-RTOS2 documentation
┗ 📂 RTOS2 CMSIS-RTOS2 API header files and OS tick implementations
   ┣ 📂 Include API header files
    ┣ 📄 cmsis_os2.h cmsis_os2.h API header file
    ┗ 📄 os_tick.h OS Tick API header file
   ┗ 📂 Source OS tick implementations
    ┣ 📄 os_systick.c OS tick implementation using Cortex-M SysTick timer
    ┣ 📄 os_tick_gtim.c OS tick implementation using Cortex-A Generic Timer
    ┗ 📄 os_tick_ptim.c OS tick implementation using Cortex-A Private Timer